After weaning, calves are now over-wintered on a forage-based diet until their weight increases to about 408 kg (900 lbs). This process is known as backgrounding. Some grain may be fed, however the amount is limited so the cattle don’t gain weight too quickly. Feeding and bedding areas that are sheltered from the elements keep the young cattle comfortable and protected.
Between nine and 11 months of age, when the cattle have reached the desired weight, the cattle are typically placed in a feedlot (penned yard) where they are brought to a finished weight of 1,350 to 1,400 lbs. Careful feeding and handling of cattle are essential to ensure a high quality product for the consumer.