Under the Criminal Code of Canada, it is illegal to wilfully neglect, maim, wound or injure an animal. Provinces and territories also have laws regarding the care and treatment of farm animals.
Submission to the CFIA advance notice of possible changes to Animal Transportation regulations in Canada [PDF / 96.55KB]
Criminal Code of Canada Cruelty to Animals
446. (1) Every one commits an offence who, (a) willfully causes or, being the owner, willfully permits to be caused unnecessary pain, suffering or injury to an animal or a bird; (b) by willful neglect causes damage or injury to animals or birds while they are being driven or conveyed; (c) being the owner or the person having the custody or control of a domestic animal or a bird or an animal or a bird wild by nature that is in captivity, abandons it in distress or willfully neglects or fails to provide suitable and adequate food, water, shelter and care for it.
Federal HEALTH OF ANIMALS ACT Transportation Part 12
No person shall load, cause to be loaded or transport an animal that by reason of infirmity, illness, fatigue or any other cause cannot be transported without undue suffering (or is liable to give birth) during the expected journey.
National Farm Animal Care Council
The National Farm Animal Care Council (NFACC) coordinates a national approach to advance farm animal care and welfare in Canada. Through an inclusive approach, involving the entire value chain, NFACC works to build processes that facilitate Canada's agriculture industries in addressing farm animal care.
B.C. Prevention Of Cruelty To Animals Act
2. For the purposes of this act an animal is in distress if it is deprived of food, water and shelter; is injured, sick, in pain or suffering or; abused or neglected. 3. A person who is responsible for an animal includes a person who owns an animal or has custody or control of an animal.
Alberta Animal Protection Act
Prohibition against causing distress
2(1) No person shall cause or permit an animal of which the person is the owner or the person ordinarily in charge to be or to continue to be in distress. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply if the distress results from an activity carried on in accordance with reasonable and generally accepted practices of animal management, husbandry or slaughter.
Alberta Farm Animal Care
Alberta Farm Animal Care Association (AFAC) was started in 1993 by Alberta livestock producers. AFAC has developed into the collective voice of the livestock industry on matters of livestock welfare. AFAC has provided a coordinated approach for all areas of livestock production to work together to advance and promote responsible livestock care.
Saskatchewan Animal Protection Regulations
An animal is in distress if it is deprived of adequate food, water, care or shelter, is injured, sick, in pain, or suffering; or abused or neglected. An animal is not considered to be in distress if it is handled in a manner consistent with a standard or code of conduct or in accordance with generally accepted practices of animal management.
Farm Animal Council of Saskatchewan
The Farm Animal Council of Saskatchewan Inc. (FACS) was established in 1992 as the first industry-supported, membership-based, non-profit provincial organization to collectively represent the livestock and poultry industries regarding animal care issues.
Manitoba Animal Care Act
A person who has ownership, possession or control of an animal shall ensure that the animal has an adequate source of food and water and shall provide the animal with adequate medical attention when the animal is wounded or ill; and shall provide the animal reasonable protection from injurious heat and cold.
Ontario SPCA Act
New Brunswick SPCA Act
Nova Scotia Animal Health And Protection Regulations
These acts all contain similar components of the above acts and are designed to be applied in basically the same ways, with some exceptions.